It is a small area—approximately 10,000 square miles, or about the size of the state of Maryland.
The competing claims to the territory are not reconcilable if one group exercises exclusive political control over all of it.
That same name was also used to designate a less well-defined “Holy Land” by the three monotheistic religions.
Following the war of 1948–1949, this land was divided into three parts: the State of Israel, the West Bank (of the Jordan River) and the Gaza Strip.
For instance, after a series of riots in Jaffa in 1921 resulting in the deaths of 47 Jews and 48 Arabs, the occupying British held a commission of inquiry, which reported their finding that “there is no inherent anti-Semitism in the country, racial or religious.” Rather, Arab attacks on Jewish communities were the result of Arab fears about the stated goal of the Zionists to take over the land.
After major violence again erupted in 1929, the British Shaw Commission report noted that “In less than 10 years three serious attacks have been made by Arabs on Jews. Special Commission on Palestine (UNSCOP) was created to examine the issue and offer its recommendation on how to resolve the conflict.
Israel ceded administrative control of the city of Jericho to the Palestinian Authority on this date in 1994.
“Jericho later fell to the Babylonians,” notes the Jewish Virtual Library, “but was rebuilt when the Jews were allowed to return from their exile. In 2000, though, after the outbreak of violence during the Palestinian War, the casino was shut down.
Israeli security officers arrested three Israelis in connection with an arson attack, which killed a Palestinian couple and their toddler.
Israeli authorities destroyed homes and other property under discriminatory practices that severely restrict Palestinians’ access to construction permits and forcibly displaced hundreds of Palestinian residents in West Bank areas under Israeli control, as well as Bedouin citizens of Israel.
Jewish claims to this land are based on the biblical promise to Abraham and his descendants, on the fact that the land was the historical site of the ancient Jewish kingdoms of Israel and Judea, and on Jews’ need for a haven from European anti-Semitism.
Palestinian Arab claims to the land are based on their continuous residence in the country for hundreds of years and the fact that they represented the demographic majority until 1948.
They reject the notion that a biblical-era kingdom constitutes the basis for a valid modern claim.